Send to

Choose Destination
Physiol Behav. 1999 Jun;66(4):591-7.

Effects of mating on c-fos expression in the brains of male macaques.

Author information

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA.


The c-fos polyclonal anti-c-fos antibody was used to examine the effects of mating on Fos expression in brain neurons of 11 male macaques. Behavior tests were for 30 min, five males were unmated, four were mated, and two were social controls. Mated males were killed 60 min after ejaculation. Social controls were paired with females, but mating did not occur. Fos immunoreactive (Fos-ir) neuronal nuclei were counted in nine brain regions extending from the medial preoptic to the mammillary body area of all males. In contrast to previous reports on nonprimate laboratory species, overall there was as much Fos-ir in unmated as in mated males. Moreover, there was significantly less Fos expression in four brain regions (known to contain steroid receptors), namely, ventromedial hypothalamus, arcuate nucleus, lateral mammillary area, and bed nucleus of stria terminalis, of mated than of unmated males. There were no significant differences between mated and unmated males in the 5 other brain regions studied. These findings may reflect taxonomic differences between primates and nonprimates, or result from greater neural activation in feral animals maintained in a laboratory than in domesticated, inbred laboratory species. The simplest interpretation would be that neural activity in the male primate is turned off by mating in some brain sites but not in others.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center