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Mol Pharmacol. 1999 Jul;56(1):141-6.

Cross-resistance to ionizing radiation in a murine leukemic cell line resistant to cis-dichlorodiammineplatinum(II): role of Ku autoantigen.

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Institut de Pharmacologie et de Biologie Structurale, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Propre de Recherche 9062, Toulouse, France.


cis-Dichlorodiammineplatinum(II) (CDDP; cisplatin) is commonly used in combination with ionizing radiation (IR) in the treatment of various malignancies. In vitro, many observations suggest that acquisition of CDDP resistance in cell lines confers cross-resistance to IR, but the molecular mechanisms involved have not been well documented yet. We report here the selection and characterization of a murine CDDP-resistant L1210 cell line (L1210/3R) that exhibits cross-resistance to IR because of an increased capacity to repair double-strand breaks compared with parental cells (L1210/P). In resistant cells, electrophoretic mobility shift assays revealed an increased DNA-end binding activity that could be ascribed, by supershifting the retardation complexes with antibodies, to the autoantigen Ku. The heterodimeric Ku protein, composed of 86-kDa (Ku80) and 70-kDa (Ku70) subunits, is the DNA-targeting component of DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK), which plays a critical role in mammalian DNA double-strand breaks repair. The increased Ku-binding activity in resistant cells was associated with an overexpression affecting specifically the Ku80 subunit. These data strongly suggest that the increase in Ku activity is responsible for the phenotype of cross-resistance to IR. In addition, these observations, along with previous results from DNA-PK- mutant cells, provide evidence in favor of a role of Ku/DNA-PK in resistance to CDDP. These results suggest that Ku activity may be an important molecular target in cancer therapy at the crossroad between cellular responses to CDDP and IR.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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