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Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1999 Apr;18(4):265-73.

Fully automated liquid culture system compared with Löwenstein-Jensen solid medium for rapid recovery of mycobacteria from clinical samples.

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1
Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital San Agustín, Asturias, Spain.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the rate of recovery of mycobacteria and the time to detection in 5208 samples using the MB/BacT culture system (Organon Teknika, USA) and Löwenstein-Jensen medium. Mycobacteria were recovered from 301 (5.7%) samples. Two hundred fifty-seven (85.3%) isolates from 114 patients were Mycobacterium tuberculosis [135 (52.5%) smear-positive, 122 (47.4%) smear-negative], and 44 (14.6%) were potentially pathogenic environmental mycobacteria. The yield with the MB/BacT was higher than that with Löwenstein-Jensen [287 (95.3%) vs. 200 (66.4%), P<0.001] for both Mycobacterium tuberculosis [247 (96.1%) vs. 187 (72.7%), P<0.001] and potentially pathogenic environmental mycobacteria [40 (90.9%) vs. 13 (29.5%), P<0.001], mainly at the expense of the smear-negative samples. Moreover, 70 (27.2%) samples were positive only in the MB/BacT, whereas ten (3.8%) samples were positive only in Löwenstein-Jensen. The number of patients with tuberculosis detected by the MB/BacT was higher than that detected by Löwenstein-Jensen medium [111 (97.3%) vs. 89 (78%), P<0.001]. In 25 (21.9%) patients the diagnosis was established solely by means of the MB/BacT. In smear-positive and smear-negative samples, the mean times to detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were 16.7 and 26.3 days, respectively, with Löwenstein-Jensen and 11.5 and 19.3 days, respectively, with the MB/BacT. These results indicate that the MB/BacT is more efficient and faster than Löwenstein-Jensen for the recovery of mycobacteria.

PMID:
10385015
DOI:
10.1007/s100960050275
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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