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Pediatr Radiol. 1999 May;29(5):316-9.

Ultrasound findings in children with toxocariasis: report on 18 cases.

Author information

1
Hospital da Criança Conceição-Ministry of Health, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate abdominal ultrasound (US) findings in children infected with Toxocara canis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Eighteen children, 18 months to 7 years of age, with serological diagnosis of T.canis infection underwent abdominal US. Eosinophil counts, hemoglobin levels and immunoglobulin E titers were measured for all patients.

RESULTS:

Abdominal ultrasound revealed multiple hypoechoic areas in the livers of 15 patients (83.3%). Hepatohilar lymph-node enlargement was present in 14 patients (77.7%), 2 of whom also showed peripancreatic lymph-node enlargement. Hepatomegaly was present in 13 patients (72.7%) and splenomegaly in 9 (50%).

CONCLUSION:

The most prevalent findings of abdominal ultrasound examination of children with T.canis infection are hepatic granulomas and abdominal lymph-node enlargement. This infection should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any children who exhibit these findings on abdominal US examination, especially for those with eosinophilia.

PMID:
10382204
DOI:
10.1007/s002470050596
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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