Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Contraception. 1999 Mar;59(3):153-9.

Outcomes of suction curettage and mifepristone abortion in the United States. A prospective comparison study.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland 97201, USA. jensenje@ohsu.edu

Abstract

A prospective, nonconcurrent cohort analysis of 178 mifepristone/misoprostol and 199 suction curettage abortion subjects, ages > or = 18 years, with intrauterine pregnancies < or = 63 days estimated gestational age, was conducted to compare the outcomes of suction curettage abortion to those of medical abortion. The medical abortion subjects received 600 mg of mifeprisone orally, followed by 400 micrograms of oral misoprostol 2 days later. Surgical abortion subjects underwent electronic vacuum aspiration. All subjects were followed for 2 weeks or until the absence of clinical bleeding. Outcome measures included a successful abortion (complete abortion without a surgical intervention), duration of bleeding, and morbidity. Overall, 18.3% medical and 4.7% surgical patients failed their primary procedure and received an unanticipated suction curettage (RR 3.93, 95% CI 1.87, 8.29). Four mifepristone subjects required curettage for acute bleeding, nine to manage ongoing pregnancy, and five for incomplete abortion. Fourteen mifepristone and eight surgical subjects required curettage for persistent bleeding. The median time delay for therapeutic curettage was significantly longer in the medical abortion group (35 versus 8 days; Mann-Whitney U = 17.0, p = 0.008). Medical subjects experienced significantly longer bleeding (mean difference = 9.6 days, 95% CI 6.8, 12.4). No significant change in hemoglobin occurred in either group. Mifepristone patients reported significantly greater pain (77.1% vs 10.5%; RR 7.4, 95% CI 4.7, 11.5), and nausea or vomiting (68.6% vs 0.6%; RR 117.9, 95% CI 16.7, 834.7). Women receiving mifepristone/misoprostol are more likely to require an unplanned surgical intervention than women who undergo suction curettage. They experience more discomfort with their procedure and in the follow-up interval, bleed for a longer period, and remain at risk for surgical completion curettage for several weeks.

PIP:

A prospective, nonconcurrent cohort analysis was conducted to compare the outcomes of suction curettage abortion to those of medical abortion in the US. The study included 178 mifepristone/misoprostol and 199 curettage abortion subjects, ages 18 years or older, with intrauterine pregnancies of 63 or fewer days. Medical abortion subjects received 600 mg of mifepristone orally, followed by 400 mcg of oral misoprostol 2 days later. Surgical abortion subjects underwent electronic vacuum aspiration. Results showed that 18.3% of medical and 4.7% of surgical patients failed their primary procedure and received an unanticipated suction curettage. Medical subjects experienced significantly longer bleeding; however, no significant change in hemoglobin occurred in either group. While, mifepristone patients reported significantly greater pain, nausea or vomiting. Thus, women receiving mifepristone/misoprostol are more likely to require an unplanned surgical intervention than women who undergo curretage. Medical abortion patients have more discomfort, they bleed longer, and remain at risk for surgical completion curettage for several weeks.

PMID:
10382077
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center