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J Head Trauma Rehabil. 1999 Jun;14(3):277-307.

Effect of cognitive rehabilitation on outcomes for persons with traumatic brain injury: A systematic review.

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Department of Emergency Medicine, Oregon Health Sciences University Portland, Oregon 97201-3098, USA.


We evaluated evidence for the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation methods to improve outcomes for persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI). A search of MEDLINE, HealthSTAR, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library produced 600 potential references. Thirty-two studies met predetermined inclusion criteria and were abstracted; data from 24 were placed into evidence tables. Two randomized controlled trials and one observational study provided evidence that specific forms of cognitive rehabilitation reduce memory failures and anxiety, and improve self-concept and interpersonal relationships for persons with TBI. The durability and clinical relevance of these findings is not established. Future research utilizing control groups and multivariate analysis must incorporate subject variability and must include standard definitions of the intervention and relevant outcome measures that reflect health and function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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