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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1999 Jul;290(1):112-20.

Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor activation attenuates traumatic neuronal injury and improves neurological recovery after traumatic brain injury.

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1
Institute for Cognitive and Computational Sciences and Interdisciplinary Program in Neuroscience, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C., USA.

Abstract

We examined the effects of modulating group II metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) on traumatic neuronal injury using both in vitro and in vivo models. Treatment with various selective group II mGluR agonists significantly decreased lactate dehydrogenase release, a marker of cell death, after traumatic injury to rat neuronal-glial cultures; injury-induced increases in cyclic AMP and glutamate levels were also significantly reduced by a group II agonist. The neuroprotective effects of group II agonists were markedly attenuated by coadministration of a group II antagonist or a membrane-permeable cyclic AMP analog and were additive to those provided by an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist or a selective group I mGluR antagonist. Administration of a group II mGluR agonist 30 min after lateral fluid percussion-induced brain injury in rats significantly improved subsequent behavioral recovery as compared with vehicle-treated controls. Together these studies indicate that group II mGluR agonists protect against traumatic neuronal injury by attenuating glutamate release and cAMP levels and suggest a potential role for these agents in the treatment of clinical neurotrauma.

PMID:
10381766
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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