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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Jun 24;260(1):265-72.

Molecular cloning of rat SH2-containing inositol phosphatase 2 (SHIP2) and its role in the regulation of insulin signaling.

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First Department of Medicine, Toyama Medical & Pharmaceutical University, Toyama, 930-0194, Japan.


SH2-containing inositol 5'-phosphatase (SHIP) plays a negative regulatory role in hematopoietic cells. We have now cloned the rat SHIP isozyme (SHIP2) cDNA from skeletal muscle, which is one of the most important target tissue of insulin action. Rat SHIP2 cDNA encodes a 1183-amino-acid protein that is 45% identical with rat SHIP. Rat SHIP2 contains an amino-terminal SH2 domain, a central 5'-phosphoinositol phosphatase activity domain, and a phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) consensus sequence and a proline-rich region at the carboxyl tail. Specific antibodies to SHIP2 were raised and the function of SHIP2 was studied by stably overexpressing rat SHIP2 in Rat1 fibroblasts expressing human insulin receptors (HIRc). Endogenous SHIP2 underwent insulin-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation and phosphorylation was markedly increased when SHIP2 was overexpressed. Although overexpression of SHIP2 did not affect insulin-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of the insulin receptor beta-subunit and Shc, subsequent association of Shc with Grb2 was inhibited, possibly by competition between the SH2 domains of SHIP2 and Grb2 for the Shc phosphotyrosine. As a result, insulin-stimulated MAP kinase activation was reduced in SHIP2-overexpressing cells. Insulin-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of IRS-1, IRS-1 association with the p85 subunit of PI3-kinase, and PI3-kinase activation were not affected by overexpression of SHIP2. Interestingly, although both PtdIns-(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2 have been implicated in the regulation of Akt activity in vitro, overexpression of SHIP2 inhibited insulin-induced Akt activation, presumably by its 5'-inositol phosphatase activity. Furthermore, insulin-induced thymidine incorporation was decreased by overexpression of SHIP2. These results indicate that SHIP2 plays a negative regulatory role in insulin-induced mitogenesis, and regulation of the Shc. Grb2 complex and of the downstream products of PI3-kinase provides possible mechanisms of SHIP2 action in insulin signaling.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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