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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Jun 24;260(1):99-104.

Secretory phospholipase A2 induces phospholipase Cgamma-1 activation and Ca2+ mobilization in the human astrocytoma cell line 1321N1 by a mechanism independent of its catalytic activity.

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Instituto de Biología y Genética Molecular, Facultad de Medicina, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas and Universidad de Valladolid, Valladolid, 47005-, Spain.


The effect of secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) on intracellular Ca2+ signaling in human astrocytoma cells was studied. sPLA2 increased cytosolic [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]c) in both Ca2+-containing and Ca2+-free medium, thus suggesting Ca2+ release from intracellular stores. The activation by sPLA2 of arachidonate release via cytosolic PLA2 (cPLA2) was also independent of extracellular Ca2+. As sPLA2 requires Ca2+ for activity, these results indicate that both Ca2+ mobilization and cPLA2 activation induced by sPLA2 are unrelated to phospholipase activity but dependent on signaling mechanisms. The sPLA2-induced [Ca2+]c peak was sensitive to Bordetella pertussis toxin and inhibited by caffeine, suggesting its mediation by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3). sPLA2 induced tyrosine phosphorylation and membrane targeting of phospholipase Cgamma-1 (PLCgamma-1). Moreover, the Ca2+ peak was sensitive to protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors. sPLA2 activates two signaling pathways: one leading to the activation of the MAP kinase/cPLA2 cascade and another leading to PLCgamma activation and Ca2+ release.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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