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J Antimicrob Chemother. 1999 Jan;43(1):87-94.

Quinupristin/dalfopristin attenuates the inflammatory response and reduces the concentration of neuron-specific enolase in the cerebrospinal fluid of rabbits with experimental Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, University of Göttingen, Germany.

Abstract

The inflammatory response following initiation of antibiotic therapy and parameters of neuronal damage were compared during intravenous treatment with quinupristin/dalfopristin (100 mg/kg as either a short or a continuous infusion) and ceftriaxone (10 mg/kg/h) in a rabbit model of Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis. With both modes of administration, quinupristin/dalfopristin was less bactericidal than ceftriaxone. However, the concentration of proinflammatory cell wall components (lipoteichoic acid (LTA) and teichoic acid (TA)) and the activity of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were significantly lower in the two quinupristin/dalfopristin groups than in ceftriaxone-treated rabbits. The median LTA/TA concentrations (25th/75th percentiles) were as follows: (i) 14 h after infection: 133 (72/155) ng/mL for continuous infusion of quinupristin/dalfopristin and 193 (91/308) ng/mL for short duration infusion, compared with 455 (274/2042) ng/mL for ceftriaxone (P = 0.002 and 0.02 respectively); (ii) 17 h after infection: 116 (60/368) ng/mL for continuous infusion of quinupristin/dalfopristin and 117 (41/247) ng/mL for short duration infusion, compared with 694 (156/2173) ng/mL for ceftriaxone (P = 0.04 and 0.03 respectively). Fourteen hours after infection the median TNF activity (25th/75th percentiles) was 0.2 (0.1/1.9) U/mL for continuous infusion of quinupristin/dalfopristin and 0.1 (0.01/3.5) U/mL for short duration infusion, compared with 30 (4.6/180) U/mL for ceftriaxone (P = 0.02 for each comparison); 17 h after infection the TNF activity was 2.8 (0.2/11) U/mL (continuous infusion of quinupristin/dalfopristin) and 0.1 (0.04/6.1) U/mL (short duration infusion), compared with 48.6 (18/169) U/mL for ceftriaxone (P = 0.002 and 0.001). The concentration of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) 24 h after infection was significantly lower in animals treated with quinupristin/dalfopristin: 4.6 (3.3/5.7) microg/L (continuous infusion) and 3.6 (2.9/4.7) microg/L (short duration infusion) than in those treated with ceftriaxone (17.7 (8.8/78.2) microg/L) (P = 0.03 and 0.009 respectively). In conclusion, antibiotic treatment with quinupristin/dalfopristin attenuated the inflammatory response within the subarachnoid space after initiation of antibiotic therapy. The concentration of NSE in the CSF, taken as a measure of neuronal damage, was lower in quinupristin/dalfopristin-treated rabbits than in ceftriaxone-treated rabbits.

PMID:
10381105
DOI:
10.1093/jac/43.1.87
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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