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J Leukoc Biol. 1999 Jun;65(6):822-8.

Dendritic cells and MPIF-1: chemotactic activity and inhibition of endogenous chemokine production by IFN-gamma and CD40 ligation.

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Human Genome Sciences, Inc., Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA.


We have examined the biological activity of the CC chemokine myeloid progenitor inhibitory factor 1 (MPIF-1) on human dendritic cells. MPIF-1 has chemotactic activity on dendritic cells derived from either peripheral blood monocytes or cord blood CD34+ progenitors. However, chemokine treatment did not induce further cell activation or maturation. In addition, MPIF-1 is constitutively released by monocyte-derived dendritic cells but not macrophages or monocytes (resting or stimulated). The proinflammatory stimuli lipopolysaccharide and tumor necrosis factor alpha, which induced the release of monocyte chemotactic protein-1, macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha), MIP-1beta, and interleukin-8, did not affect MPIF-1 release. In contrast, CD40 ligation and interferon-gamma treatment, while stimulating the production of the other chemokines, caused a pronounced reduction of MPIF-1 transcript and protein release. Thus, in dendritic cells the regulation of the production and release of MPIF-1 is distinct in comparison to other CC and CXC chemokines.

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