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Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 1999 Jul;25(3):251-60.

A recurring pattern of chromosomal aberrations in mammary gland tumors of MMTV-cmyc transgenic mice.

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Genome Technology Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.


Mice carrying the MMTV-cmyc transgene develop mammary tumors at 9 to 12 months of age. Little is known about karyotypic changes in this model of human breast cancer. We have developed and applied molecular cytogenetic techniques to study chromosomal aberrations that occur in these tumors, namely, comparative genomic hybridization and spectral karyotyping. Cell lines from eight tumors were established and analyzed, four of which carried a heterozygous p53 mutation. All of the tumor cell lines revealed increases in ploidy and/or multiple numerical and structural chromosomal aberrations. No consistent differences were observed between cmyc/p53+/+ and cmyc/p53+/- tumors, suggesting that cmyc induces karyotype instability independent of p53 status. Loss of whole chromosome (Chr) 4 was detected in five of the eight tumors. Parts of Chr 4 are syntenic to human 1p31-p36, a region that is also deleted in human breast carcinomas. Four tumors carried translocations involving the distal portion of Chr 11 (syntenic to human chromosome arm 17q), including two translocations T(X;11), with cytogenetically identical breakpoints. We compare the pattern of chromosomal aberrations with human breast cancers, find similarities in several syntenic regions, and discuss the potential of an interspecies cytogenetic map of chromosomal gains and losses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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