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Occup Med. 1999 Jul-Sep;14(3):637-63.

Across the water and down the ladder: occupational health in the global economy.

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Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.


As the world economy becomes more integrated, and as industrial production expands in poor nations, workers in these nations face a range of occupational health and safety hazards. This article discusses the political economy of occupational health in developing nations by reference to multinational companies, free trade zones, free trade agreements, and the export of hazards. It reviews the special circumstances of occupational safety and health in developing nations and presents data on morbidity and mortality related to workplace exposures in these nations. Finally, it discusses approaches to improving workplace safety in developing nations, including policy initiatives, both mandated and voluntary, and public health initiatives, including training, technical assistance, collaborative research, and advocacy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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