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Exp Hematol. 1999 Jun;27(6):1097-106.

Characterization and retroviral transduction of an early human lymphomyeloid precursor assayed in nonswitched long-term culture on murine stroma.

Author information

1
Department of Cancer and Blood Research, Research Institute, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

In the hierarchy of human hematopoietic progenitors, long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-IC) and extended LTC-IC belong to the earliest cell populations that can be assayed in vitro. We report the identification of a multipotential lymphomyeloid progenitor detected in a nonswitch culture system. We observed the emergence of CD33+ myeloid and CD19+ B-lymphoid cells following plating of lineage-depleted (Lin-) CD34 -enriched or purified CD34+ CD38- cord blood cells on MS-5 stroma in the absence of exogenous cytokines. Both CD19+ CD20- pro-B and CD19+ CD20+ pre-B lymphocytes coexist with myeloid cells in long-term culture. A limiting dilution approach was used to show that a single CD34+ CD38- cell can generate lymphomyeloid progeny in conventional (5-week) and extended (10-week) cultures. Most of the clones in long-term culture or extended long-term culture contained not only lymphoid and myeloid cells, but also myeloid clonogenic progenitors. A high proportion of CD34+ CD38- cells gave rise to lymphomyeloid clones after 5 and 10 weeks of culturing (up to 48% and 16%, respectively), which distinguishes the assay reported here from those using switch culture conditions. We performed retroviral gene transfer experiments involving 1-3 days of exposure of Lin CD34+ -enriched cells to virus encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein. Monitoring of gene transfer efficiency into LTC-IC by enhanced green fluorescent protein fluorescence showed that it is possible to achieve marking of lymphomyeloid LTC-IC, albeit to a lesser extent than myeloid-restricted LTC-IC.

PMID:
10378899
DOI:
10.1016/s0301-472x(99)00037-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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