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J ECT. 1999 Jun;15(2):158-63.

Electroconvulsive therapy for the treatment of neuroleptic malignant syndrome with psychotic symptoms: a report of five cases.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi-Ken, Japan.


We report five cases of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) with psychotic symptoms treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Clinical response was observed after the first or the second session of ECT in every case, and the symptoms of NMS resolved by the third or fourth session. The mean time from the initial ECT to complete resolution was 6.0 days. No side effects from ECT were observed. Although the first treatment for NMS is pharmacotherapy using drugs such as dantrolene and bromocriptine, our results suggest that ECT is a useful therapeutic method for patients with NMS and psychotic symptoms.

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