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J Hum Hypertens. 1999 May;13(5):303-8.

Reproducibility of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in daily practice.

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Department of Medicine, St Radboud University Hospital, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


The reproducibility of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) was investigated in 45 untreated hypertensive patients in an out-patient clinic. Subjects with symptoms or diseases which could probably give rise to an increase in blood pressure (BP) variability were excluded. Patients underwent office BP (OBP) measurements and ABPM measurements with the Oxford Medilog device twice. The data were edited following previous set standards. Reproducibility of ABPM was good for the group: 24 h ABPM difference 0/2 mm Hg, standard deviation of the difference (SDD) 12/6 mm Hg for systolic BP and diastolic BP respectively. For OBP the difference between the two visits was 5/2 mm Hg with a SDD of 15/8 mm Hg. Intra-individual reproducibility was poor; almost half of the patients had a systolic difference of more than 10 mm Hg between both ABPM recordings. Reproduciblity of the day-night difference with a BP fall of at least 10% (dipper status) was moderate. About 60% of the subjects were dippers at one of the ABPM recordings but only 42% had a reproducible dip. Possible factors playing a role in the disappointing reproducibility of the ABPM recordings are the difference in daily activities between both recording days, decreased accuracy at higher BP, quality of sleep and the probable lower accuracy of the device during real ambulant conditions. In daily practice ABPM has no better reproducibility than OBP measurements, despite the larger number of measurements.

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