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Microbiology. 1999 May;145 ( Pt 5):1033-41.

Structural analysis of Bacillus megaterium KM spore peptidoglycan and its dynamics during germination.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Sheffield, UK.


The composition and structure of peptidoglycan from dormant spores of Bacillus megaterium KM and its dynamics during germination were investigated. Amino acid analysis and mass spectrometry identified 21 muropeptides resolved by reverse phase HPLC following digestion of peptidoglycan with Cellosyl. The basic structure of peptidoglycan in B. megaterium spores is similar to that of Bacillus subtilis: 44.2% of muramic acid residues are substituted with delta-lactam, 28.8% with single L-alanine, 25.1% with tetrapeptide and only 1.8% with tripeptide. The cross-linking index of the spore peptidoglycan, determined from muropeptides resolved by reverse phase HPLC, was 2.2 % per muramic acid. Spore peptidoglycan contains 2.9% of muropeptides with unsubstituted N-acetylmuramic acid. These muropeptides are likely to be intermediate products of delta-lactam formation. Analysis of muropeptide dynamics during germination revealed the activity of at least two hydrolytic enzymes, an N-acetylglucosaminidase and a lytic transglycosylase. A 4 M LiCl extract from 30 min germinated spores of B. megaterium KM caused 'germination-like' changes to permeabilized spores of B. megaterium and B. subtilis but not those of a B. subtilis cwlD mutant. Muropeptide analysis of the treated spores revealed the presence of products generated by the activity of a glucosaminidase.

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