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Res Microbiol. 1999 May;150(4):281-5.

CreA modulates the XlnR-induced expression on xylose of Aspergillus niger genes involved in xylan degradation.

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Molecular Genetics of Industrial Microorganisms, Wageningen Agricultural University, The Netherlands.


The expression of the feruloyl esterase gene faeA, the alpha-glucuronidase gene aguA, the endoxylanase gene xlnB, and the beta-xylosidase gene xlnD from Aspergillus niger on xylose was studied in a wild-type strain and in a CreA mutant. A decrease in expression of all four genes was observed with increasing xylose concentrations in the wild-type strain, whereas expression levels in the CreA mutant were not influenced. The results in the wild type indicated that xylose concentrations higher than 1 mM resulted in repression of the expression of the xylanolytic genes tested mediated by the carbon catabolite repressor protein CreA. On xylose, the expression levels of the xylanolytic genes were therefore not only determined by induction via XlnR, but also by repression via CreA. The genes tested were not influenced to the same extent by XlnR or CreA, resulting in specific expression levels and patterns for each individual gene.

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