Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Soc Gynecol Investig. 1999 May-Jun;6(3):142-6.

Endothelial monocyte-activating polypeptide-2 is increased in pregnancy but is not further increased in preeclampsia.

Author information

  • 1University of Nottingham Division of Obstetrics, Midwifery and Gynaecology, School of Human Development, United Kingdom.



Endothelial monocyte-activating polypeptide-2 (EMAP-2) is a novel protein that demonstrates potent proinflammatory activity in vivo and in vitro. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of EMAP-2 in normal pregnancy and in pregnancies complicated with preeclampsia and to test the hypothesis that EMAP-2 is a causative agent of the endothelial activation of preeclampsia.


Expression of EMAP-2 in the placenta was investigated using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction to detect mRNA, and immunohistochemistry with an EMAP-2-specific polyclonal antiserum was carried out to detect protein. Levels of circulating EMAP-2 protein were measured in the blood of nonpregnant, normal pregnant, and preeclamptic individuals using a specific enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay and the molecular forms present assessed by Western blotting.


EMAP-2 is transcribed and translated by the placenta troughout pregnancy and in preeclampsia and can be detected in the plasma of nonpregnant and pregnant individuals. Levels of circulating EMAP-2 antigen are raised in pregnancy compared with nonpregnant controls; however, levels in patients with preeclampsia are identical to those in normal pregnant individuals.


While circulating levels of EMAP-2 are increased in pregnancy, there is no evidence that EMAP-2 is involved directly in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center