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Int J Nurs Stud. 1999 Apr;36(2):117-25.

A review of spirituality as applied to nursing.

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Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, School of Nursing (Undergraduate Division), University of Nottingham, Queens Medical Centre, UK.


In this paper a review of spirituality as applied to nursing is carried out. In doing so, it is shown that the holistic understanding of spirituality has been derived almost exclusively from the Christian theological tradition. Whilst recognizing the importance of this tradition, the relatively unknown element, that is, the biological basis of spirituality as advanced by empirical research on spiritual awareness is brought to the debate in this review. Following the review, an operational definition of spirituality embracing its biological roots is provided to highlight its significance to nursing.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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