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Int J Oncol. 1999 Jul;15(1):149-54.

Angiogenesis and platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor/thymidine phosphorylase expression in cervical cancer.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Okayama University Medical School, Okayama 700-8558, Japan.


The object of this study was to clarify the association of platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor (PD-ECGF)/thymidine phosphorylase (dThdPase), separately assessed in cancer cells and in stroma cells, with clinicopathological factors including tumor angiogenesis and prognosis in cervical cancer. The expression of PD-ECGF was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining in 92 patients with stage Ib-II cervical cancer. The microvessel count was assessed by immunostaining for factor VIII-related antigen in the most neovascularized area. Microvessel count was significantly higher in tumors with non-squamous cell carcinoma. PD-ECGF expression in cancer cells was significantly higher in tumors with pelvic node metastasis and squamous cell carcinoma. Immunopositivity for PD-ECGF in stroma cells was significantly higher in tumors with large size and deep stromal invasion. The microvessel counts in cases with positive PD-ECGF expression in stroma cells were significantly higher than those in cases with negative PD-ECGF expression in stroma cells (p=0.048). Disease-free survival and overall survival were significantly worse in patients with deep stromal invasion, parametrial involvement, vaginal involvement, lymph-vascular space involvement, pelvic lymph node metastasis and high microvessel count. A multivariate analysis using Cox's proportional hazard model showed that high microvessel count independently predicted disease-free and overall survival. The expression of PD-ECGF in stroma cells may play a crucial role in the promotion of angiogenesis and tumor angiogenesis can be used as a useful prognostic marker for cervical cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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