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Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 1999 Jun;28(2):423-43, ix.

Nutrition and inflammatory bowel disease.

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  • 1University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA.


This article reviews the nutritional aspects of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) including the mechanisms and manifestations of malnutrition and the efficacy of nutritional therapies. Nutrient deficiencies in patients with IBD occur via several mechanisms and may complicate the course of the disease. Nutritional status is assessed by clinical examination and the use of nutritional indices such as the Subjective Global Assessment of nutritional status. Nutritional intervention may improve outcome in certain individuals; however, because of the costs and complications of such therapy, careful selection is warranted, especially in patients presumed to need parenteral nutrition.

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