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Trends Cell Biol. 1999 Jul;9(7):249-52.

First the CDKs, now the DDKs.

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Division of Yeast Genetics, National Institute for Medical Research, The Ridgeway, Mill Hill, London, UK NW7 1AA.


In budding yeast, Dbf4p and Cdc7p control initiation of DNA synthesis. They form a protein kinase - Cdc7p being the catalytic subunit and Dbf4p a cyclin-like molecule that activates the kinase in late G1 phase. Dbf4p also targets Cdc7p to origins of replication, where probable substrates include certain Mcm proteins. Recent studies have identified Dbf4p- and Cdc7p-related proteins in fission yeast and metazoans. These homologues also phosphorylate Mcm proteins and could have a similar function to that of Dbf4p-Cdc7p in budding yeast. Thus, it seems likely that, like the cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), the Dbf4p-Cdc7p activity is conserved in all eukaryotes.

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