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Cell Tissue Res. 1999 Jun;296(3):575-85.

Frozen cultured sheets of human epidermal keratinocytes enhance healing of full-thickness wounds in mice.

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Department of Cell Biology, Centro de InvestigaciĆ³n y Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Apdo, PO Box 14-740, Mexico City, 07000, Mexico.


Sheets of cultured allogeneic human keratinocytes have been used for the treatment of burns and chronic leg ulcers but there has been no animal assay for the therapeutic action of these cultures. In order to analyze the effects of frozen cultures of human keratinocytes on wound healing, we have developed such an assay based on the rate of repair of full-thickness skin wounds in immunocompetent NMR1 mice. Reepithelialization of the control wounds, originating from the murine epithelium at the edge of the wound, occurred at a constant rate of advance of 150 microm/day. When frozen cultured human epidermal sheets were thawed at room temperature for 5-10 min and applied to the surface of the wound, the murine epithelium advanced at 267 microm/day. Most wounds treated with frozen cultures completely healed after 10 days, whereas most control wounds required 16 days. The accelerated reepithelialization did not depend on the presence of proliferative human keratinocytes in the frozen cultures. The cultures also promoted early formation of granulation tissue and laminin deposition over the surface of the wound bed. This simple assay should permit quantitative analysis of the effects on healing exerted not only by cultured cells, but also by proteins and small molecules.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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