Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Hum Mol Genet. 1999 Jul;8(7):1195-9.

The cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 is a major Graves' disease locus.

Author information

Endocrine Group, Department of Medicine, The Medical School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.


Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune thyroid disorder that is inherited as a complex trait. We have genotyped 77 affected sib-pairs with autoimmune thyroid disease for eight polymorphic markers spanning the cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 ( CTLA-4 ) region of chromosome 2q31-q33, and for five markers spanning the major histocompatibility complex ( MHC ) region of chromosome 6p21. Non-parametric analysis showed linkage of GD to the CTLA-4 region with a peak non-parametric linkage (NPL) score of 3.43 ( P = 0.0004) at the marker D2S117. The proportion of affected full-sibs sharing zero alleles (z0) reached a minimum of 0.113 close to D2S117, giving a locus-specific lambdas for this region of 2.2. Families with brother-sister sib-pairs showed a peak NPL of 3.46 ( P = 0.0003, lambdas > 10) at D2S117, compared with 2.00 ( P = 0.02, lambdas = 1.9) in the families with only affected females, suggesting a stronger influence in families with affected males. Association between GD and the G allele of the Thr17Ala polymorphism within the CTLA-4 gene ( CTLA4A/G ) was observed using unaffected sib controls ( P = 0.005). Lesser evidence for linkage was found at the MHC locus, with a peak NPL score of 1.95 ( P = 0.026), between the markers D6S273 and TNFalpha. We demonstrate that the CTLA-4 locus (lambdas = 2.2) and the MHC locus (lambdas = 1.6) together confer approximately 50% of the inherited susceptibility to GD disease in our population.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center