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EMBO J. 1999 Jun 15;18(12):3463-74.

Partial purification of the yeast U2 snRNP reveals a novel yeast pre-mRNA splicing factor required for pre-spliceosome assembly.

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EMBL, Meyerhofstrasse 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.


We have partially purified the U2 snRNP of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Identification of some proteins consistently found in the purified fractions by nanoelectrospray mass spectrometry indicated the presence of a novel splicing factor named Rse1p. The RSE1 gene is essential and codes for a 148.2 kDa protein. We demonstrated that Rse1p associates specifically with U2 snRNA at low salt concentrations. In addition, we showed that Rse1p is a component of the pre-spliceosome. Depletion of Rse1p and analysis of a conditional mutant indicated that Rse1p was required for efficient splicing in vivo. In vitro Rse1p is required for the formation of pre-spliceosomes. Database searches revealed that Rse1p is conserved in humans and that it belongs to a large protein family that includes polyadenylation factors and DNA repair proteins. The characteristics of Rse1p suggest that its human homologue could be a subunit of the SF3 splicing factor.

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