Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Br J Pharmacol. 1999 May;127(1):109-14.

Effects of GABA on noradrenaline release and vasoconstriction induced by renal nerve stimulation in isolated perfused rat kidney.

Author information

Department of Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Institute, Tohoku University, Aobayama, Sendai, Japan.


We examined effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) on vasoconstriction and noradrenaline (NA) release induced by electrical renal nerve stimulation (RNS) in the isolated pump-perfused rat kidney. RNS (1 and 2 Hz for 2.5 min each, 0.5-ms duration, supramaximal voltage) increased renal perfusion pressure (PP) and renal NA efflux. GABA (3, 10 and 100 microM) attenuated the RNS-induced increases in PP by 10-40% (P<0.01) and NA efflux by 10-30% (P<0.01). GABA did not affect exogenous NA (40 and 60 nM)-induced increases in PP. The selective GABA(B) agonist baclofen (3, 10 and 100 microM) also attenuated the RNS-induced increases in PP and NA efflux, whereas the RNS-induced responses were relatively resistant to the selective GABA(A) agonist muscimol (3, 10 and 100 microM). The selective GABA(B) antagonist 2-hydroxysaclofen (50 microM), but not the selective GABA(A) antagonist bicuculline (50 microM), abolished the inhibitory effects of GABA (10 microM) on the RNS-induced responses. The selective alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonist rauwolscine (10 nM) enhanced the RNS-induced responses. GABA (3, 10 and 100 microM) potently attenuated the RNS-induced increases in PP by 40-60% (P<0.01) and NA efflux by 20-50% (P<0.01) in the presence of rauwolscine. Prazosin (10 and 30 nM) suppressed the RNS-induced increases in PP by about 70-80%. Neither rauwolscine (10 nM) nor GABA (10 microM) suppressed the residual prazosin-resistant PP response. These results suggest that GABA suppresses sympathetic neurotransmitter release via presynaptic GABA(B) receptors, and thereby attenuates adrenergically induced vasoconstriction in the rat kidney.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center