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Arthritis Rheum. 1999 Jun;42(6):1291-6.

An aggressive form of polyarticular arthritis in a man with CD154 mutation (X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome).

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Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA.


Hyper-IgM syndrome (HIM) is a rare immunodeficiency disorder that has been associated with the development of symptoms and clinical features characteristic of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We describe a patient with HIM and severe erosive arthritis with prominent nodules in the absence of detectable serum rheumatoid factor. Because HIM results from defects in either T cell CD154 (CD40 ligand) expression or abnormal CD40 signaling, the molecular basis of the patient's disease was analyzed. Activated CD4+ T cells failed to express surface CD154 protein, and molecular analysis of CD154 complementary DNA revealed a nucleotide transversion resulting in the nonconservative amino acid substitution G-D at amino acid 257. This case indicates that defective CD154-dependent CD40 signaling can be associated with susceptibility to a severe inflammatory arthritis that has both similarities to and differences from idiopathic RA.

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