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Thromb Haemost. 1999 May;81(5):748-57.

Enhancement of protein S anticoagulant function by beta2-glycoprotein I, a major target antigen of antiphospholipid antibodies: beta2-glycoprotein I interferes with binding of protein S to its plasma inhibitor, C4b-binding protein.

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Division of Rheumatology, St. Luke's/Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY 10019, USA.


Thrombosis in the antiphospholipid syndrome has been associated with acquired deficiency of the anticoagulant protein S. We sought evidence that beta2-glycoprotein I, a major target antigen for antiphospholipid antibodies, is involved in regulation of protein S activity. Incubation of purified protein S or plasma with beta2-glycoprotein I reversed functional modulation of protein S by its plasma inhibitor, the C4b-binding protein. In a plasma-free ELISA, beta2-glycoprotein I prevented the binding of protein S and C4b-binding protein when preincubated with immobilized protein S but not when similarly preincubated with C4b-binding protein. beta2-glycoprotein I in fluid phase interfered with precipitation of protein S by sepharose-bound C4b-binding protein. Effects of beta2-glycoprotein I on protein S function were inhibited by one of four monoclonal anti-beta2-glycoprotein 1 antibodies. These data suggest that beta2-glycoprotein I helps maintain adequate plasma levels of circulating free, active protein S. Antiphospholipid (anti-beta2-glycoprotein I) antibodies might cause sporadic thrombosis, at least in part, by impairing this novel regulatory mechanism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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