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Cell. 1978 Dec;15(4):1133-44.

Sequences of mouse immunoglobulin light chain genes before and after somatic changes.


We have determined the nucleotide sequences of the germ line gene as well as a corresponding somatically mutated and rearranged gene coding for a mouse immunoglobulin lambdaI type light chain. These sequencing studies were carried out on three Eco RI-DNA fragments which had been cloned from BALB/c mouse embryos or a lambdaI chainsecreting myeloma, H2020. The embryonic DNA clone Ig 99lambda contains two protein-encoding segments, one for the majority of the hydrophobic leader (L) and the other for the rest of the leader and the variable (V) region of the lambda0 chain (Cohn et al., 1974); these segments are separated by a 93 base pair (bp) intervening sequence (I-small). The coding of the V region ends with His at residue 97. The second embryonic DNA clone Ig 25lambda includes a 39 bp DNA segment (J) coding for the rest of the conventionally defined V region (that is, up to residue 110), and also contains the sequence coding for the constant (C) region approximately 1250 untranslated bp (I-large) away from the J sequence. The J sequence is directly linked with the V-coding sequence in the myeloma DNA clone, Ig 303lambda, which has the various DNA segments arranged in the following order: 5' untranslated region, L, l-small, V linked with J, l-large, C, 3' untranslated sequence. The lg 303lambda V DNA sequence codes for the V region synthesized by the H2020 myeloma and is different from the lg 99lambda V DNA sequence by only two bases. No silent base change was observed between the two DNA clones for the entire sequence spanning the 5' untranslated regions and the V-coding segments. These results confirm the previously drawn conclusion that an active complete lambdaI gene arises by somatic recombination that takes place at the ends of the V-coding DNA segment and the J sequence. No sequence homology was observed at or near the sites of the recombination.

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