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Br J Cancer. 1999 Jun;80(7):1098-102.

Risk factors for testicular cancer: a case-control study in twins.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK.

Abstract

Early life and anthropometric risk factors for testicular cancer were examined in a case-control study in England and Wales in which affected male twins were compared with their unaffected male co-twins. Questionnaire data was obtained for 60 twin pairs. Significantly raised risk of testicular cancer occurred in twins who had longer arms and legs than their co-twin. There was a significant excess of testicular cancer reported in non-twin brothers, as well as in twin brothers, of cases. Risk was also significantly raised in relation to cryptorchidism. The results on limb length suggest that factors, perhaps nutritional, affecting growth before puberty, may be causes of testicular cancer. The results on risk in brothers add to evidence of a large genetic component in aetiology of the tumour. The risk associated with cryptorchidism in the twins accords with the hypothesis that cryptorchidism is causally associated with testicular cancer because it is a cause of the malignancy, rather than because the same maternal factors experienced in utero cause both conditions.

PMID:
10362123
PMCID:
PMC2363032
DOI:
10.1038/sj.bjc.6690470
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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