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Am J Ind Med. 1999 Jul;36(1):60-9.

Occupational, environmental, and life-style factors associated with the risk of hematolymphopoietic malignancies in women.

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1
Epidemiology Unit, Center for Study and Prevention of Cancer, Az. Ospedaliera Careggi, Florence, Italy. epid@ats.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The etiology of lymphomas, leukemias, and multiple myeloma is still largely unknown. The known risk factors (ionizing radiation, solvent exposure, pesticide exposure, immunosuppression) explain only a small proportion of the cases that occur.

METHODS:

We conducted a multicenter population-based case-control study on hematolymphopoietic malignancies in Italy and interviewed 2,011 women (1,183 cases and 828 controls).

RESULTS:

There was a suggestion of a positive association between smoking and the risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma + chronic lymphocytic leukemia. A slight increased risk of leukemias was observed among women using permanent hair dye. Housewives were at increased risk for leukemia and multiple myeloma. The risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas + chronic lymphocytic leukemia, leukemias, multiple myeloma, and Hodgkin's disease increased among women employed as hairdressers and textile workers. Teachers were at increased risk for non-Hodgkin's lymphomas + chronic lymphocytic leukemia, leukemias, and Hodgkin's disease.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results confirm previous associations and may provide additional clues to some determinants of hematolymphopoietic malignancies in women.

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