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Urol Clin North Am. 1999 May;26(2):323-31.

Chemotherapy for hormone refractory prostate cancer.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, USA.


New combinations have been developed that show significant activity in therapy for hormone refractory prostate cancer. Several of these are designed to address specific cellular targets unique to prostate cancer. To date, the major benefits of these therapies have been palliative in nature, resulting in an improvement in quality of life, particularly with the combination of mitoxantrone and prednisone. None of these agents or regimens have been shown to affect survival significantly, and none can be considered to be standard therapy for this disease. Nonetheless, the success of these regimens in inducing response has challenged the skepticism concerning the appropriateness of chemotherapy for patients with advanced prostate cancer. The ability to slow and even reverse the growth of far advanced disease raises the possibility that the application of these regimens earlier in the course of the disease will have a more significant impact on the morbidity and, in the long run, on the mortality of prostate cancer. It is hoped that the enrollment of patients into properly designed clinical trials of new agents and combinations will result in the development of therapy with proven efficacy in the near future.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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