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J Biol Chem. 1999 Jun 11;274(24):17025-32.

The Listeria monocytogenes protein InlB is an agonist of mammalian phosphoinositide 3-kinase.

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  • 1Unité des Interactions Bactéries-Cellules, 28 rue du Dr. Roux, Institut Pasteur, 75724 Paris, Cedex 15, France.


The Gram-positive pathogen Listeria monocytogenes induces its own internalization into some non-phagocytic mammalian cells by stimulating host tyrosine phosphorylation, phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase activity, and rearrangements in the actin cytoskeleton. Entry into many cultured cell lines is mediated by the bacterial protein InlB. Here we investigate the role of InlB in regulating mammalian signal transduction and cytoskeletal structure. Treatment of Vero cells with purified InlB caused rapid and transient increases in the lipid products of the PI 3-kinase p85-p110, tyrosine phosphorylation of the mammalian adaptor proteins Gab1, Cbl, and Shc, and association of these proteins with p85. InlB also stimulated large scale changes in the actin cytoskeleton (membrane ruffling), which were PI 3-kinase-dependent. These results identify InlB as the first reported non-mammalian agonist of PI 3-kinase and demonstrate similarities in the signal transduction events elicited by this bacterial protein and known agonists such as epidermal growth factor.

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