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J Biol Chem. 1999 Jun 11;274(24):16677-80.

The eukaryotic polypeptide chain releasing factor (eRF3/GSPT) carrying the translation termination signal to the 3'-Poly(A) tail of mRNA. Direct association of erf3/GSPT with polyadenylate-binding protein.

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Department of Physiological Chemistry, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.


The mammalian GTP-binding protein GSPT, whose carboxyl-terminal sequence is homologous to the eukaryotic elongation factor EF1alpha, binds to the polypeptide chain releasing factor eRF1 to function as eRF3 in the translation termination. The amino-terminal domain of GSPT was, however, not required for the binding. Search for other GSPT-binding proteins in yeast two-hybrid screening system resulted in the identification of a cDNA encoding polyadenylate-binding protein (PABP), whose amino terminus is associating with the poly(A) tail of mRNAs presumably for their stabilization. The interaction appeared to be mediated through the carboxyl-terminal domain of PABP and the amino-terminal region of GSPT. Interestingly, multimerization of PABP with poly(A), which is ascribed to the action of its carboxyl-terminal domain, was completely inhibited by the interaction with the amino-terminal domain of GSPT. These results indicate that GSPT/eRF3 may play important roles not only in the termination of protein synthesis but also in the regulation of mRNA stability. Thus, the present study is the first report showing that GSPT/eRF3 carries the translation termination signal to 3'-poly(A) tail ubiquitously present in eukaryotic mRNAs.

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