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J Hand Surg Am. 1999 May;24(3):435-48.

Therapeutic modalities in hand surgery.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Centura Rehabilitation, St Mary Corwin Medical Center, Pueblo, CO 81004, USA.

Abstract

Therapeutic modalities are useful adjuncts in the rehabilitation of many patients commonly seen by hand surgeons. Therapeutic heat, cold, electrical stimulation, and laser and magnetic field treatments are evaluated for their respective mechanisms of action, indications, contraindications, and clinical results. The majority of therapeutic modalities have been extensively investigated and relevant basic science and randomized well-controlled clinical studies addressing the efficacy of therapeutic modalities are emphasized.

PMID:
10357520
DOI:
10.1053/jhsu.1999.0435
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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