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Cancer. 1999 Jun 1;85(11):2375-84.

Cisplatin in combination with irinotecan in the treatment of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma: a pilot phase II clinical trial and pharmacokinetic profile.

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1
Third Department of Internal Medicine, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and toxicity of a combination of cisplatin and irinotecan (CPT-11) in the treatment of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma and to characterize the pharmacokinetic profiles of CPT-11 and its active metabolite, 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38).

METHODS:

Fifteen previously untreated patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma were treated with cisplatin (60 mg/m2 on Day 1) and CPT-11 (60 mg/m2 on Days 1, 8, and 15) administered intravenously and followed by a 1-week rest period. The course of treatment was repeated every 28 days. After intravenous administration, the levels of CPT-11 and SN-38 in the plasma and pleural fluid were determined for each histologic subtype of mesothelioma.

RESULTS:

All patients were evaluable for response and toxicity. Four partial responses (response rate of 26.7%) with a median response duration of 25.9 weeks and 2 regressions of evaluable disease (overall response rate of 40%) were observed. The median survival time after chemotherapy was 28.3 weeks, and the median time to treatment failure was 22.1 weeks. The 1-year survival rate for all patients was 38.5%. Toxicity was well tolerated, and there were no treatment-related deaths. World Health Organization Grade 3 leukopenia occurred in 3 patients (20%), and Grade 1 or 2 diarrhea occurred in 3 patients (20%). There was no excess toxicity in patients with large pleural effusions compared with those with no pleural effusions. CPT-11 and SN-38 were detected in the pleural fluid 1 hour after intravenous administration. The maximum concentrations of CPT-11 and SN-38 in the pleural fluid were 36.5% and 75.8%, respectively, of the corresponding plasma values.

CONCLUSIONS:

The combination of cisplatin and CPT-11 had definite activity against malignant pleural mesothelioma and was well tolerated. The intravenous administration of CPT-11 produced adequate distribution of CPT-11 and its active metabolite SN-38 into the pleural fluid and allowed a higher concentration of the more active SN-38 to make contact with mesothelioma cells in the thoracic cavity. These results warrant further clinical evaluation of this combination chemotherapy for the treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma in a confirmatory Phase II trial.

PMID:
10357408
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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