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J Affect Disord. 1999 Jan-Mar;52(1-3):41-9.

Self-esteem and depression: ten year follow-up of mothers and offspring.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA. milleri@child.cpmc.columbia.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The association between maternal bonding style, offspring low self-esteem and offspring depression status was assessed by maternal depression status.

SUBJECTS:

Sixty mothers and 137 offspring were independently assessed over the course of a ten year follow-up study.

METHOD:

Assessments included the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (SADS-LA), Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Aged Children (K-SADS), the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (CSEI) and the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI).

RESULTS:

Among daughters of mothers with a history of depression, maternal affectionless-control was associated with daughter low self-esteem which was associated with daughter depression at ten year follow-up. Among daughters of mothers without a history of depression, maternal affectionless-control was not associated with daughter low self-esteem, which was not associated with daughter depression at ten year follow-up but which was associated with a history of childhood depression. None of these associations were found to be significant among sons.

LIMITATIONS:

As self-esteem was not measured at ten year follow-up, among offspring the stability of self-esteem could not be assessed, nor could the association between adult self-esteem and adult depression.

CONCLUSION:

Clinical presentation of low self-esteem in girls should be assessed in the context of maternal depression status.

PMID:
10357016
DOI:
10.1016/s0165-0327(98)00042-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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