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J Infect Dis. 1999 Jul;180(1):56-60.

Efficacy of low-dose subcutaneous interleukin-2 to treat advanced human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in persons with </=250/microL CD4 T cells and undetectable plasma virus load.

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Retrovirology Laboratory "irsiCaixa" Foundation, Immunology Department, HIV Unit, University Hospital "Germans Trias i Pujol," Barcelona, Spain.


The immunologic efficacy of low-dose recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) administered subcutaneously (sc) once a day in combination with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was assessed in a pilot study in patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease. Twenty-five persons with </=250 CD4 cells/microL and plasma HIV-1 RNA levels </=500 copies/mL for >24 weeks were randomly assigned to receive sc rIL-2 (3 x 10(6) IU once a day) with their previous antiretroviral regimen (n=13) or to continue with the same treatment (n=12). The level of CD4 T cells was significantly higher in the IL-2 group at week 24 (105+/-65/microL; P<.05) but not in the control group (30+/-78/microL). Memory T cells initially contributed to the CD4 T cell increase at week 4 (P<.05). Naive T cell increases (99+/-58/microL) in the IL-2 group became statistically significant at week 24 compared with the control group (28+/-27/microL; P<.05). Subcutaneous rIL-2 once a day in combination with HAART was well tolerated and improved immunologic surface markers in patients with advanced HIV infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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