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J Infect Dis. 1999 Jul;180(1):35-40.

A direct comparison of the activities of two humanized respiratory syncytial virus monoclonal antibodies: MEDI-493 and RSHZl9.

Author information

1
MedImmune, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD 20878, USA. johnsons@medimmune.com

Abstract

Two humanized monoclonal antibodies, MEDI-493 and RSHZ19, were developed independently as potential improvements over RSV-IGIV for prevention of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. RSV-IGIV is a polyclonal human antibody preparation for intravenous infusion enriched for RSV neutralizing activity. A phase III clinical trial showed that MEDI-493 significantly reduced hospitalizations due to RSV infection. In a separate trial, RSHZ19 failed to show significant efficacy. In new studies, the in vitro and in vivo activities of MEDI-493 and RSHZ19 were compared to determine whether the different clinical results are related to differences in biologic activity. MEDI-493 was consistently 4- to 5-fold more potent than RSHZ19 in antigen binding, RSV neutralization, and fusion inhibition assays. Although both MEDI-493 and RSHZ19 were effective against A and B subtypes of RSV in the cotton rat model of RSV infection, 2- to 4-fold higher doses of RSHZ19 were required for similar protection. The enhanced activity of MEDI-493 compared with RSHZ19 may, in part, explain its better clinical effect.

PMID:
10353858
DOI:
10.1086/314846
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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