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Biochem Cell Biol. 1998;76(5):791-7.

Alpha-periodicity analysis of small multidrug resistance (SMR) efflux transporters.

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Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, AB, Canada.


Proteins in the small multidrug resistance (SMR) family of transport proteins are about 110 amino acids in length and are predicted to have four transmembrane helices. This family is divided into a two groups, one of which we have referred to as small multidrug pumps (Smp) and confer resistance to a wide variety of quaternary ammonium compounds through a proton-drug efflux antiport mechanism. Members of the second group within this family have, as yet, not had their substrate profile characterized and are referred to as Sug proteins. Alpha-periodicity analysis was conducted on a set of six homologous proteins of the SMR family consisting of three established Smp and three Sug proteins. Several amino acid properties were used in the analysis including hydropathy, variability, and a substitution matrix for lipid exposed amino acids. The scanning window was varied between 8 and 14 residues and the alpha-periodicity was calculated from the peaks in the Fourier transform power spectra in the region between 3.0 and 4.3 residues/turn. This analysis adds to the hydropathy analysis to give a more confident prediction of which residues are within the lipid bilayer for each of the four transmembrane helices. Information was also obtained that allowed for the identification of zones within each transmembrane helix that face the interior of the helical bundle on one side and are lipid exposed on the other face.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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