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Cell Signal. 1999 Mar;11(3):179-87.

Involvement of protein kinase C and protein kinase A in the muscarinic receptor signalling pathways mediating phospholipase C activation, arachidonic acid release and calcium mobilisation.

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Guthrie Research Institute, Sayre, PA 18840, USA.


The involvement of protein kinase C (PKC) and protein kinase A (PKA) in cholinergic signalling in CHO cells expressing the M3 subtype of the muscarinic acetylcholine receptor was examined. Muscarinic signalling was assessed by measuring carbachol-induced activation of phospholipase C (PLC), arachidonic acid release, and calcium mobilisation. Carbachol activation of PLC was not altered by inhibition of PKC with chelerythrine chloride, bisindolylmaleimide or chronic treatment with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Activation of PKC by acute treatment with PMA was similarly without effect. In contrast, inhibition of PKC blocked carbachol stimulation of arachidonic acid release. Likewise, PKC inhibition resulted in a decreased ability of carbachol to mobilise calcium, whereas PKC activation potentiated calcium mobilisation. Inhibition of PKA with H89 or Rp-cAMP did not alter the ability of carbachol to activate PLC. Similarly, PKA activation with Sp-cAMP or forskolin had no effect on PLC stimulation by carbachol. Carbachol-mediated release of arachidonic acid was decreased by H89 but only slightly increased by forskolin. Forskolin also increased calcium mobilisation by carbachol. These results suggest a function for PKC and PKA in M3 stimulation of arachidonic acid release and calcium mobilisation but not in PLC activation.

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