Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Life Sci. 1999;64(19):1779-84.

Involvement of diazepam binding inhibitor and its fragment octadecaneuropeptide in social isolation stress-induced decrease in pentobarbital sleep in mice.

Author information

Department of Pharmacology, Research Institute for Wakan-Yaku (Oriental Medicines), Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Japan.


Diazepam binding inhibitor (DBI) and its fragment, octadecaneuropeptide (ODN), are putative endogenous ligands for benzodiazepine (BZD) receptors and have been shown to act as an inverse BZD receptor agonist in the brain. A previous study suggested that the social isolation stress-induced decrease in pentobarbital sleep in mice was partly due to endogenous substances with an inverse BZD receptor agonist-like property. In this study, we examined the effects of DBI and ODN on pentobarbital sleep in group-housed and socially isolated mice to test the possible involvement of DBI and ODN in a social isolation-induced decrease in pentobarbital sleep. The socially isolated mice showed significantly shorter durations of pentobarbital (50 mg/kg, intraperitoneally, i. p.) sleep compared to the group-housed animals. When injected intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.), DBI and ODN (3 and 10 nmol) dose-dependently shortened the pentobarbital-induced sleeping time in group-housed mice at the same dose range, but these peptides had no effect on the sleeping time in socially isolated animals. In contrast, flumazenil (16.5-33 nmol, i.c.v.), a BZD receptor antagonist, reversed the pentobarbital sleeping time in socially isolated mice to the level of group-housed animals without affecting the sleeping time in group-housed animals. The effects of DBI and ODN in group-housed mice were significantly blocked by flumazenil (33 nmol, i.c.v.). Moreover, the effect of flumazenil in socially isolated mice was significantly attenuated by DBI and ODN (10 nmol, i.c.v.). These results suggest that the changes in the activity of DBI and/or ODN are partly involved in the social isolation-induced decrease in the hypnotic action of pentobarbital in mice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center