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Eur J Hum Genet. 1999 May-Jun;7(4):409-14.

Novel six-nucleotide deletion in the hepatic fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase gene in a patient with hereditary fructose intolerance and enzyme structure-function implications.

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Dipartimento di Biochimica e Biotecnologie Mediche, CEINGE-Biotecnologie Avanzate, Università di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy.


Hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI) is an autosomal recessive human disease that results from the deficiency of the hepatic aldolase isoenzyme. Affected individuals will succumb to the disease unless it is readily diagnosed and fructose eliminated from the diet. Simple and non-invasive diagnosis is now possible by direct DNA analysis that scans for known and unknown mutations. Using a combination of several PCR-based methods (restriction enzyme digestion, allele specific oligonucleotide hybridisation, single strand conformation analysis and direct sequencing) we identified a novel six-nucleotide deletion in exon 6 of the aldolase B gene (delta 6ex6) that leads to the elimination of two amino acid residues (Leu182 and Val183) leaving the message inframe. The three-dimensional structural alterations induced in the enzyme by delta 6ex6 have been elucidated by molecular graphics analysis using the crystal structure of the rabbit muscle aldolase as reference model. These studies showed that the elimination of Leu182 and Val183 perturbs the correct orientation of adjacent catalytic residues such as Lys146 and Glu187.

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