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Nucleic Acids Res. 1999 Jun 15;27(12):2545-53.

Determinants of nucleotide sugar recognition in an archaeon DNA polymerase.

Author information

1
New England Biolabs Inc., 32 Tozer Road, Beverly, MA 01915, USA.

Abstract

Vent DNA polymerase normally discriminates strongly against incorporation of ribonucleotides, 3'-deoxyribonucleotides (such as cordycepin) and 2',3'-dideoxyribonucleotides. To explore the basis for this discrimination we have generated a family of variants with point mutations of residues in conserved Regions II and III and assayed incorporation of nucleo-tides with modified sugars by these variants, all of which were created in an exonuclease-deficient form of the enzyme. A Y412V variant incorporates ribonucleotides at least 200-fold more efficiently than the wild-type enzyme, consistent with Y412 acting as a 'steric gate' to specifically exclude ribonucleotides. The most striking variants tested involved changes to A488, a residue predicted to be facing away from the nucleotide binding site. The pattern of relaxed specificity at this position roughly correlates with the size of the substituted amino acid sidechain and affects a variety of modified nucleotide sugars.

PMID:
10352184
PMCID:
PMC148459
DOI:
10.1093/nar/27.12.2545
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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