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Eur J Cell Biol. 1999 Apr;78(4):265-77.

Cytoplasmic dynein and dynactin as likely candidates for microtubule-dependent apical targeting of pancreatic zymogen granules.

Author information

1
Institute of Anatomy, Julius-Maximilians University, W├╝rzburg, Germany.

Abstract

The critical role of microtubules in vectorial delivery of post-Golgi carrier vesicles to the apical cell surface has been established for various polarized epithelial cell types. In the present study we used secretory granules of the rat and chicken pancreas, termed zymogen granules, as model system for apically bound post-Golgi carrier vesicles that underlie the regulated exocytotic pathway. We found that targeting of zymogen granules to the apical cell surface requires an intact microtubule system which contains its colchicine-resistant organizing center and, thus, the microtubular minus ends close to the apical membrane domain. Purified zymogen granules and their membranes were found to be associated with cytoplasmic dynein intermediate and heavy chain and to contain the major components of the dynein activator complex, dynactin, i.e. p150Glued, p62, p50, Arp1, and beta-actin. Kinesin heavy chain and the kinesin receptor, 160 kD kinectin, were not detected as components of zymogen granules. Immunofluorescence staining showed a zymogen granule-like distribution for dynein and dynactin (p150Glued, p62, p50, Arpl) in the apical cytoplasm, whereas kinesin and kinectin were largely concentrated in the basal half of the cells in a pattern similar to the distribution of calreticulin, a component of the endoplasmic reticulum. Secretory granules of non-polarized chromaffin cells of the bovine adrenal medulla, that are assumed to underlie microtubular plus end targeting from the Golgi apparatus to the cell periphery, were not found to be associated with dynein or dynactin. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of major components of the dynein-dynactin complex associated with the membrane of a biochemically and functionally well-defined organelle which is considered to underlie a vectorial minus end-driven microtubular transport critically involved in precise delivery of digestive enzymes to the apically located acinar lumen.

PMID:
10350215
DOI:
10.1016/S0171-9335(99)80060-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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