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Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 1999 Mar;101(1):62-7.

Vertebrobasilar artery territory infarction as an initial manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus.

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1
Department of Neurology, University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea.

Abstract

Cerebral infarction is a well-documented complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), that usually occurs several years after the diagnosis of SLE. To our knowledge, however, strokes associated with vertebrobasilar artery involvement were not reported to present as an initial manifestation of SLE. We report two patients, who presented with vertebrobasilar territory infarction as an initial manifestation of SLE. Patient 1 was a 16-year-old girl, who developed dysarthria and ataxia. MRI showed multiple infarcts in the pons, cerebellum and thalamus. Four-vessel cerebral angiography showed multifocal stenoses in the vertebral and basilar arteries with beaded appearance. Patient 2 was a 26-year-old woman, who developed headache associated with dysarthria, dizziness and ataxia. MRI showed multiple infarcts in the cerebellum, medulla, pons, midbrain and thalamus. Cerebral angiography revealed occlusion of both vertebral arteries at the first cervical vertebral level with non-visualization of the basilar artery. Both patients were diagnosed as having SLE supported by laboratory results. Although rare, posterior circulation stroke can present as an initial manifestation of SLE, which may be attributed to vasculitis or dissection in the vertebral/basilar artery.

PMID:
10350208
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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