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JAMA. 1999 May 26;281(20):1911-8.

Tourism and hotel revenues before and after passage of smoke-free restaurant ordinances.

Author information

1
Institute for Health Policy Studies, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0124, USA. glantz@medicine.ucsf.edu

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Claims that ordinances requiring smoke-free restaurants will adversely affect tourism have been used to argue against passing such ordinances. Data exist regarding the validity of these claims.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the changes in hotel revenues and international tourism after passage of smoke-free restaurant ordinances in locales where the effect has been debated.

DESIGN:

Comparison of hotel revenues and tourism rates before and after passage of 100% smoke-free restaurant ordinances and comparison with US hotel revenue overall.

SETTING:

Three states (California, Utah, and Vermont) and 6 cities (Boulder, Colo; Flagstaff, Ariz; Los Angeles, Calif; Mesa, Ariz; New York, NY; and San Francisco, Calif) in which the effect on tourism of smoke-free restaurant ordinances had been debated.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Hotel room revenues and hotel revenues as a fraction of total retail sales compared with preordinance revenues and overall US revenues.

RESULTS:

In constant 1997 dollars, passage of the smoke-free restaurant ordinance was associated with a statistically significant increase in the rate of change of hotel revenues in 4 localities, no significant change in 4 localities, and a significant slowing in the rate of increase (but not a decrease) in 1 locality. There was no significant change in the rate of change of hotel revenues as a fraction of total retail sales (P=.16) or total US hotel revenues associated with the ordinances when pooled across all localities (P = .93). International tourism was either unaffected or increased following implementation of the smoke-free ordinances.

CONCLUSION:

Smoke-free ordinances do not appear to adversely affect, and may increase, tourist business.

PMID:
10349895
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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