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J Neurochem. 1999 Jun;72(6):2445-55.

[1-(13)C]glucose metabolism in the tumoral and nontumoral cerebral tissue of a glioma-bearing rat.

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Laboratoire de Résonance Magnétique des Systèmes Biologiques, UMR 5536, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Victor Segalen, Bordeaux, France.


C6 cells were used to establish a glioma-bearing rat model by stereotaxic injection in the left caudate nucleus. The tumor status was evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging and conventional histology. The glioma-bearing rats were infused for 1 h with a [1-(13)C]glucose solution. Perchloric acid extracts of the tumor and the ipsilateral and contralateral hemispheres were analyzed by 13C-NMR spectroscopy. The 13C-labeling patterns in compounds, mainly amino acids, indicated no drastic modification of carbon metabolism in both ipsilateral and contralateral hemispheres, as compared with control rats, whereas profound metabolic differences between brain tissue and tumor were observed. Glutamine C4 enrichment was lower in the glioma than in the brain [mean +/- SD values, 5.4 +/- 2.3 (n = 5) and 15.0 +/- 0.8% (n = 10), respectively] and also lower than the glutamate C4 enrichment in the glioma (mean +/- SD value, 22.6 +/- 4.2%; n = 5), indicating that tumor glutamine was neither synthesized inside the glioma nor taken up from the surrounding brain. The glutamine C4 enrichment in the serum (6.7 +/- 0.5%; n = 10) suggested that the glioma imported glutamine from the blood, a process probably connected with angiogenesis.

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