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Thromb Haemost. 1999 Jan;81(1):14-7.

The risk of early recurrent venous thromboembolism after oral anticoagulant therapy in patients with the G20210A transition in the prothrombin gene.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine I, University of Vienna, Hanuschkrankenhaus, Austria.

Abstract

A G20210A transition in the prothrombin gene is a common risk factor of venous thrombosis. The risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism in carriers of the 20210A allele is unknown and guidelines for secondary thromboprophylaxis in these patients are not available. In a prospective multicenter trial, 492 patients with a history of objectively documented venous thromboembolism were followed for a mean observation time of 24+/-16 months after discontinuation of oral anticoagulants. Forty-two patients (8.5%) were carriers of the 20210A allele. Three of the 42 patients with the G20210A mutation (7%) and 54 of 450 patients without the mutation (12%) experienced recurrent venous thrombosis. At 24 months, the probability of recurrence was 8% (95% CI 0-16.7) in patients with the mutation and was 12.2% (95% CI 8.8-15.6) in patients without the mutation. In conclusion, the risk of early recurrent venous thromboembolism is not higher in patients with the G20210A mutation than in those without the mutation. Therefore, long-term secondary thromboprophylaxis with oral anticoagulants in heterozygous carriers of the 20210A allele is not justified.

PMID:
10348706
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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